Sunday, May 24, 2020

Thai Financial Crisis Essay Online For Free - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 936 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Before financial crisis South East Asian countries had undergone some of the most magnificient economic growth rates worldwide. However, between 1997 and 1998 the tiger economies of South East Asian are badly impacted by a financial crisis. Thailand was the first country influenced by the financial crisis when Thai baht dramatically fall down in value in July 1997 which affected the other countries and resulted in economic downturns in several countries. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Thai Financial Crisis Essay Online For Free" essay for you Create order Due to the time limitation, This paper can only try to focus on a specific country which is Thailand by explaining the causes of Thai financial crisis. Then the possible consequences of financial crisis on Thai economy are analysed. Finally, this paper come up with recovery strategies and some implications for this implementations. 3. Causes of Thai financial crisis This section seeks to identify some of the underlying factors that made Thailand susceptible to financial crisis. 3.1. Large current account deficits Thailand had a large current account deficit ranging from -2.0 to to -14.4% of GDP. These deficits caused country to rely heavily on external borrowing( Thammavit, 1998) 1995 1996 1997 % of GDP (%) US dollars ($ billions) % of GDP (%) US dollars ($ billions) % of GDP (%) US dollars ($ billions) -7.9 -13.2 -7.9 -14.4 -2.0 -3.0 Sources: IMF, World Economic Outlook, May 1998 table 10 October 1998 table 2.11 3.2 Overdependence on external debts Secondly, excessive external debt, in 1997 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated that Thailands external debt was about $U.S.99 billion about 55% of GDP. The majority of this debt was privately incurred and this large external debt sharply lifted the countrys debt service ratio from 11.4 percent in 1994 to 15.5 percent in 1997 ( Thammavit, 1998). Domestic borrowers were eager to go off-shore to borrow because this money was cheaper and the fixed exchange rate regime made people think that there was no currency risk.Thai corporate borrowers discovered they could borrow at an interest rate of 5-8% instead of paying more than 13% when borrowing domestically. They could even earn money simply by borrowing abroad and depositing the bath in Thailand. Even borrowers with sound business businesses would raise capital abroad to finance industrial development, excessive leverage in financial market is most often the cause of extreme booms and crashes. 3.3. Liberalisation of international capital flows The collaspe of the property sector that began to boom in the late 1980s. With the liberalisation of international capital flows in 1993 this capital grew rapidly. By 1995, an oversupply of housing emerged, expanding int a major problem.With loans increasingly becoming more expensive and hard to get under the Bank of Thailands squeeze on lending, the property sector began to collaspe in 1996. The property sectors debts totalled around 1,000 billion baht in 1996. The slump in the property sales market and lending squeeze worsened developerscash flow troubles and defaults on interest payments. As a consequence many finance companies and small banks faced liquidity problems, with 16 finance companies suspended in June 1997, and another 42 in August 1997. By December 1997, 56 finance companies were closed permanently. 3.4. Exchange rate mismanagement With a fixed exchange rate and the liberalisation of internatioanl capital flows, foreign money poured into Thailand between 1993 and 1996. As a result the Thai baht became overvalued against other currencies, partly slowing down growth in exports in 1996, however, the Bank of Thailand continued to peg the baht to a basket of currencies in which the U.S. dollar had a significant influence. Speculators attatcked the baht in February and May 1997 and in order to defend the currency the Bank of Thailand used official foreign reserves. The net result being that official foreign reserves fell from $U.S.39 billion in January 1997 to $U.S.32.4 billion in June 1997. In July 1997, the Bank of Thailand had to replace the fixed exchange rate with a managed float, as it could no longer tap the reserves. The exchange rate for the bath had fallen steadily since 25.8 baht to the $U.S. to around 40 Baht to the $U.S. currently, with the Baht reaching 50 Baht to the $U.S before settling at its curre nt level. The mismanagement of the exchange rate system has been cited as evidence of central bank incompetence(Thammavit, 1998). 3.5. Overinflated asset prices In Thailand the property market was the main weakness of the financial sector. Thai banks had loaned funds to non-bank financial institutions, which in turn advanced loans to property market investors. It is estimated that a quarter of bank loans in Thailand was ultimately made, sometimes through intermediaries, for property-related investments. Speculators purchased property because they expected the price of the property to rise in the near future. Their increased purchasing of the property caused the price of the property rise, which caused even more speculative buying. When it became obvious that the current price greatly exceeded the real value of the property, speculators quickly sold, causing the price to collaspe- the bubble burst (Leightner 1999) 4. Consequences Secondly, The stock markets experience a sharp fall because the level of any stock market is ultimately dependent upon the prospects for continued earnings/profits of the companies listed on the market. In periods when economic problems are taking place, stock markets would tend to fall to reflect the lower expected profits. The third effect of financial crisis was that interest rats increased significantly. Because of loss of confidence in Thai economy, most investors move their investment overseas which results on a decrease in the money supply, thus, raising market interest rates and diminishing te funds for borrowing throughtout the economy. In addition to market response, the monetary authorities may raise rates further in an effort to prevent further, continuous depreciation of the currency. Although they may be necessary to prevent stricken currencies going into free-fall, one effect of higher interest rates is to reinforce the deflationary pressures squeezing the domesti c economy.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Genome Editing Essay - 1614 Words

Genome editing of germ line cells using CRISPR/Cas9 system Recent studies suggest that genome editing of germ line cells is an effective strategy for mutated gene correction in sperms and oocytes for the inhibition of onset of inherited disorder. The first time, germ line genome editing in human by CRISPR/Cas9 system , was carried out to correct mutation of HBB (Beta globin) gene in zygote of ÃŽ ²-thalassemia patients by homologous DNA recombination (HDR) [80, 81]. Embryonic genome editing utilized in the treatment of such monogenic diseases prior to birth is a rational use of embryonic genome editing in germ line cells. Homologous DNA recombination by traditional gene editing techniques in mammalian eggs has a low rate (10%) in term of†¦show more content†¦Because PGD usually is carried out by gametes prepared from parents. But parents who is confirmed by PGD to have a high risk of transmition of inherited genetic mutation to their children and want to have their own children, their gametes can be edited directly by Crisper/ca s9 to create healthy children.Nowdays germ line genome editing by programmable nuclease such as Crisper/cas9 is the most useful tool to treat genetic diseases with high risk of inheritance mutation transmition. Unresolved ethical problems still exist and are the main reason for delay onset of clinical trials in this field. Large animal models can be utilized for a variety of monogenic diseases, particularly monogenic neurological disorders like HD and Duchene muscular dystrophy) DMD (. Specificity, efficacy, and side effects of germ line genome editing technology should be assessed by animal models before entering clinical trials. Generating mammalian models of neurodegenerative diseases using CRISPR/Cas9 Cas9 has been well studied. It belongs to the class II CRISPR/Cas system which is the main protein involved in small interfering CRISPR RNA (crRNA). CRISPR RNA often leads to the silencing of invader viruses and plasmids [72, 85]. Several in vitro surveys have shown that Cas9 is guided by gRNA composed of chimeric RNA. Chimeric RNA is composed of crRNA and tracrRNA. They are sufficient toShow MoreRelatedGenome Editing Essay790 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Genome editing is a huge leap forward in science and medicine. Because of recent advances in technology, the study of genes and induced ‘point’ mutations have led to the discovery and advancement of methods previously used in order to mutate genes. The development of Clusters of Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPRs) and CRISPR associated system 9 protein (Cas9) technology is a hugely significant leap forward as this is a tool that could potentially be used for theRead MoreEssay On Genome Editing943 Words   |  4 PagesThere still needs much to be done such as researching the appropriate risks and benefits for the clinical trials (Sciences Engineering medicine (20--). It is rapidly growing and increasing by making heritable genome editing of the embryo, egg, and sperm in the hopeful future (Sciences Engineering medicine (20--) It is very likely to be many years before CRISPR-cas9 is used in human beings. The main attention is drawn towards animal mod els or isolated human cells (CRIPSR 20--). The purpose of thisRead MoreThe Human Genome Is Not Just A Black And White Decision Essay1598 Words   |  7 PagesOpposing Views Essay Genetically modifying the human genome is a topic that has been discussed for several decades, but just recently it is becoming a reality. Through many advancements of technology, the CRISPR method has emerged, and it is providing the opportunity for genetically modifying the human genome to take off. However, allowing the use of the CRISPR method is not just a black and white decision. Modifying the human genome is a hot debate in the science and medical fields todays. ArgumentsRead MoreSynthesis Essay On Genetic Technology718 Words   |  3 PagesGenetic Technologies Essay CRISPR Cas9 technology should be used to modify human and embryonic DNA. I support this claim because if we have the technology of CRISPR Cas9 and all of the advantages it entails to help people who want to have healthy children and to stop the inheritance of deadly genetic diseases, we should. CRISPR Cas9 has many advantages, but it has generated a lot of excitement in the scientific community because it is faster, cheaper, more accurate, and more efficient than otherRead MoreRecent Developments Of Gene Editing Technology And Their Potential Applications For Plants And Agriculture1338 Words   |  6 Pagesof money and resources. In this essay I will be discussing the recent developments in gene editing technology and their potential applications to plants and agriculture. The Basic Concept DNA codes for protein sequences. Proteins are crucial in all cellular activities and govern the phenotypes of organisms (Campbell et al., 2014). New techniques have been developed in which mutations can be induced in specific loci within DNA, this process is known as Gene editing. DNA is removed, replaced or editedRead MoreGenetic Engineering Technology1689 Words   |  7 PagesModern genetic engineering technologies are advancing, and genetically modifying a genome is becoming a reality. The Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated system (CAS9) genome editing system is the most advanced in use. CRISPR can edit a genome more accurately and with higher precision than any other system. The intended use of the CRISPR/CAS9 system is to insert a gene, delete a gene, or silence a gene, leading to powerful applications (ChristensenRead MoreApplication Of Crispr Cas System1003 Words   |  5 Pageseliminating this problem (Roberts, 2015, URL :http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-34506572). This essay will prove that CRISPR is highly effective and economic in reducing PERVs by further discussing the theory behind and the application of CRISPR Cas system in porcine cells. CRISPR Cas system is a crucial adaptive immune system in prokaryotic to protect them against virus and other foreign genome by degrading the genome (Jiang et al., 2015). CRISPR locus is essential in CRISPR Cas system which is a gene includingRead MoreRecent Developments In Gene Editing, Concerning The Modification1447 Words   |  6 PagesRecent developments in gene editing, concerning the modification of embryonic cells and its’ usefulness since the discovery of iPS cells Abstract This essay addresses the question â€Å"In light of the recent developments with iPS cells, is the genetic modification of human embryos justified?†. New gene editing software CRISPR has created cheaper and more accurate modification, making the editing of an embryo a possibility. There are concerns about this advancementRead MoreHIV : Useful Treatments For Infecting HIV807 Words   |  4 Pagesgetting people treatment according to UNAIDS1. However, a cure has not been found. With a rapidly changing virus, it will be hard to definitively create a cure anytime soon. However, there are a few new ways of treating the virus already infecting genomes of many people. These treatments will work with the current methods being used and will not be an alternative to them. The main treatments that will be discussed are the current Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), and the new CRISPR/CAS9Read MoreThe Future Of Genetic Modification Essay1481 Words   |  6 Pagescreating an e ffective, purposeful bridge. No one likes a rickety bridge that sways precariously in the wind or, perhaps worse, a grand bridge to nowhere. The kind of engineering needed for our policy bridges of the future is genetic in nature. Gene editing used to be a relatively painful and laborious process until the development of CRISPR. In short (and seriously abridging the complex science), CRISPR stands for â€Å"Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats† and are segments of genetic

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hidden Answers to Good Research Essay Topics to Write about Revealed

Hidden Answers to Good Research Essay Topics to Write about Revealed The Basics of Good Research Essay Topics to Write about Since you may see, there's a plethora of different argumentative paper titles it is possible to utilize. Before you commence writing a single word of your paper, you first will need to understand what your thesis will be. So, you've realized that you're prepared to compose your research paper. Understanding how to compose a strong argumentative paper will help you advance your very own argumentative thinking. By way of example, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing perspective. The success of a research paper mostly is contingent on the topic, which is why many of time is spent searching for the best research paper topics for college students. For some students, a choice of topic is the easiest part. So you will need to scale down to be certain that you will be in a position to perform a research within a limited ti me period. It's better to start whenever possible. Planning Time-management is critical for you once you will complete this kind of extensive work as an argumentative essay. Research papers are trying, but in addition they have the capacity to be somewhat rewarding. Additionally, a thesis doesn't need to be one sentence. The topics for argumentative essays are frequently quite self-explanatory they're common understanding. It's especially frustrating if you haven't any idea how to compose an effective persuasive essay. You're able to define a notion in your short essay. An excellent way to begin a college essay writing is to write about something or somebody you admire. An essay is simply a string of thoughts which were put in order to earn a coherent idea. In an expository essay, you're attempting to spell out how something works or why you think that it's an excellent idea. Steer clear of these mistakes to produce your research paper really brilliant! You want to do a research and present the procedure and ends in a well-organized method. You should begin with your research. You ought to do an in-depth research working with the selection of accurate sources which were approved by your professor. Your essay may center on gender issues from different regions of the world such as women rights in the Middle East and so forth. You've got to convince yourself before you're able to attempt to convince others. Everybody knows that writing is hard. If you're writing about social problems, you will typically be writing about the way the topic affects larger groups of people, including how poverty affects a whole generation. Who Else Wants to Learn About Good Research Essay Topics to Write about? If you're confused with a number of interesting topics to research on the web, it's far better to choose what interests you the most. Without a suitable content, great research paper topics are not going to make sense. Not all research paper topics are made equal, and you would like to make certain you pick a fantastic topic before you commence writing. It's possible to opt for an intriguing topic from any area of science. The Ideal Strategy to Good Research Essay Topics to Write about If you wish to compose a fantastic history essay you'd better pick a topic that is familiar to you. If you enjoy the subject of your history essay, you will delight in doing research for it. Researching the topic permits you to find out more about what fascinates you, and should you pick something you truly like, writing the essay will be more enjoyable. Selecting the correct essay topic can at times be rather tricky. You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but make sure you do your homework on what the recent laws about your favorite topic actually say. Therefore, the above told six position essay topics will allow you to compose a very good piece to position essay, but be sure whatever topic you're selecting isn't hard to understand and on which you are in possession of a good understanding, otherwise you won't be in a position to create sturdy arguments. In case the topic is too narrow, you might find it difficult to locate the appropriate literature. Quite frequently, the ideal topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get well prepared to research it. The option of compare and contrast essay topics isn't a simple task because you have to demonstrate your analytical skills. The collection of the topic should depend on your interest because it's essential that you maintain your interest throughout the technology essays writing. One particular important and appropriate subject is technology. When you've chosen one subject from the reach of expository essay topics, it's time to begin writing. The Appeal of Good Research Essay Topics to Write about Comparison essay is regarded as one of the most usually assigned English papers. Quotes are rather important. What Does Good Research Essay Topics to Write about Mean? The most frequently encountered paper writing service that the majority of our clients require is essay writing. Be alert to your instructor's requirements Before you decide on a topic, you should request detailed instructions. You have to conduct extensive studying to finish your work in accordance with all the requirements. If you're struggling, you always have the option to obtain help by utilizing an essay writing service such as ours. The very first thing you ought to create a great thesis is you ought to figure out your primary arguments, which you've done while working on your topic. To the contrary, you might not have been provided a specific topic in any respect. An excellent idea is to pick a topic associated with your previous experience because your readers will be impressed how well-informed you're. Maybe you simply do not know the subject well enough, and that's the reason you cannot locate the idea for your history essay.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Health Care and Strong Organizational Image Essay Example For Students

Health Care and Strong Organizational Image Essay Health Care and Strong Organizational Image BY ntk018 Homework Chapter 12 Open-Ended Questions 1 . Describe how MinuteClinic puts the following promotion strategies to work for them: stressing tangible cues, using personal information sources, creating a strong organizational image, and engaging in post-purchase communication. What else could they try? MinuteClinic has managed to implement a variety of promotional strategies along time. Within the tangible cues we can find the physical evidence of the service such as the team of experts who are the nurse practitioners and physician assistants. Also they created a childrens area during the flu crisis of Minnesota and implemented to their facilities televisions, coloring books, and videos. The personal information source in this case can be seen in the individualized attention the team of experts is providing to patients. Minuteclinic has successfully created a strong organizational image by performing the best quality service as they differentiate for working long hours, and providing a quick service. Finally, by engaging in a post purchase communication MinuteClinic is able to keep track of their patients through their lectronic records. They could try to build long term relationships with their customers by following up with them and keeping in touch through calls and e- mails. 2. Are MinuteClinics services customized or standardized for patients? Do they incorporate any elements of mass customization? -MinuteClinic is a health care center which is in charge of solving minor ailments; however this does not mean all patients come for the same reasons. This is why MinuteClinics services are considered to be customized for patients with different needs. At the same time, MinuteClinic also provides a standardized service as they deliver a same service, and have a standard price. Yes, MinuteClinic does incorporate elements of mass customization as they keep electronic records of each patient. 3. In what way did MinuteClinic demonstrate reliability and responsiveness during the flu outbreak in Minnesota? How did it impress customers with tangible physical evidence that the clinics cared about them? MinuteClinic demonstrated reliability and responsiveness very quickly as the outbreak in Minnesota rapidly created a huge demand for flu shots. MinuteClinic quickly put a plan in place to address the crisis. Instead of boosting staff at all facilities in the Minneapolis area, the company chose a hub-and-spoke approach for better inventory control, offering the shots in only eight MinuteClinic locations. This effectively shows their ability to respond immediately to unexpected events and ultimately reflect their willingness to help by creating an image of reliability. They also impressed patients by creating childrens areas to make the wait easier for families, adding televisions, videos, and coloring books to keep ellness of their community. . How important has MinuteClinics place (distribution) strategy been to the companys success? Which elements does MinuteClinic focus on with its marketing mix? Why? -The distribution strategy they decided to implement played very well in their advantage. As a 2006 Harris Interactive poll reported that 92 percent of the people who visited a retail clinic were satisfied with its convenienc e. MinuteClinic focuses on all elements: Price: they offer low prices services, compared to how much a patient will pay by visiting their usual doctor. Place: They have opened over 600 locations. They have successfully located themselves in one of the most biggest and famous pharmacy, CVS, in the US, assuring their long run success. Product: They have found a need and came up with a solution. By offering medical care services with standardized prices and quick assistance, MinuteClinic has accomplished success. Promotion: they have promoted the efficiency of their workers to create a reliable and credible environment. True or False questions 1. A key factor influencing the selection ofa retail-based health clinic is convenience. The demand for health services in the United States is expected to drop off sharply within the next ten years as Baby Boomers age. 3. Health services such as those provided by MinuteClinic tend to exhibit more experience and credence qualities than goods sold in the drugstore. 4. MinuteClinics services are sold, produced, and consumed at the same time, which is an example of the heterogeneity of its services versus goods. 5. When nurse practitioners follow up with patients with postcard surveys, telephone calls, or brochures, they are engaging in postpurchase communication. MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .postImageUrl , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:hover , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:visited , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:active { border:0!important; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:active , .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua5c709b5f27bfdc2767f005889168a2c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Grace And Sin EssayThe basic difference between selling a healthcare service at MinuteClinic and selling a Band-Aid at the drugstore is that healthcare services are performances. a. tangible b. intangible responsive standardized operations oriented 2. MinuteClinics services belong in which of the following categories? a. people processing possession processing mental stimulus processing d. information processing All of the above 3. Evaluating the quality of medical services at MinuteClinic may be difficult for a patient before or after being treated because services tend to exhibit fewer ualities. . search experience credence 4. A nurse practitioner that addresses a patien t by name and offers caring, individualized attention during his visit is practicing the service quality known as a. reliability. responsiveness. assurance. empathy. tangibles. 5. If MinuteClinic hired Patrick Dempsey, who plays a doctor on Greys Anatomy, to appear in commercials for them, they would be engaging in which type of promotion strategy? a. stressing tangible cues using personal information sources creating a strong organizational image engaging in post-purchase communications

Friday, April 3, 2020

Global Warming Causes and Effects

Table of Contents Introduction Causes of Global Warming Effects of Global Warming Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Global warming is one of the greatest problems facing the world today, because of its frightening effects that are evident in the present world. Global warming is the tremendous increase of the global temperatures, which results due to the trapping of heat in the atmosphere. Signs of global warming are evident all over the world with the increased temperatures, unpredictable climatic conditions, disappearing of some species of birds and animals, and an increase in the sea level.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Global Warming: Causes and Effects specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Although people are not only aware but have also have tasted the impacts of these effects, very few individuals have taken the required action to save the earth from destruction, as most people still embrace practices th at are the primary causes of global warming such as the use of fossil fuels, deforestation, and the use of chemical fertilizers. Therefore, although some natural factors have contribute to global warming, human actions are the primary causes of global warming and unless such practices are controlled, likelihoods of Saving the earth from effects of global warming, for example, drought, flooding, and extinctions of some species of flora and fauna are minimal. Causes of Global Warming The primary causes of global warming are the most cherished human practices that have existed since time memorial. One of the primary causes of global warming is the increased amount of the carbon dioxide emissions in the environment. With the ever-increasing use of electricity as one of the primary sources of energy in most sectors of the economy, there has been a continuous release of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Electricity is primarily produced from burning of coal in p ower plants, and because it is very hard to survive without it, likelihoods of such gases filing the earth are high. Carbon dioxide is one the gases that trap heat energy in the atmosphere, leading to increased atmospheric temperatures. Another cause of global warming is the ever-increasing emission of greenhouse gases from burning of gasoline. The modern car culture is one of the primary sources of green house gases, as most transportation and manufacturing industry rely on fossil fuels as its primary source of fuels. Global warming is also a product of some agricultural practices such as planting of rice in paddies. Although agriculture is the backbone of most global economies, some agricultural practices are primary sources of some dangerous greenhouse gases such as methane, as a result of the breaking down of bacteria in areas with limited supply of oxygen (Essick 1).Advertising Looking for essay on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper w ith 15% OFF Learn More In addition to increased use of fossil fuels and some agricultural practices that release dangerous gases into the environment, other human practices such as deforestation have also contributed to global warming. Although nowadays most individuals use cooking and other environmentally friendly sources of energy in their homes, the use of forest for fuel is common, because of the numerous trees that are cut daily for charcoal and wood. Further, the need for land to accommodate the ever-increasing population numbers has forced most societies to encroach into forested or protected land. Deforestation destroys trees that are the primary air purifiers, as they help to remove carbon dioxide from the environment. On the other hand, the use of chemical fertilizers that are rich in nitrogen have also contributed to global warming, as nitrogen compounds have one of the greatest heat-trapping capacity (Markham Para. 1-5). Effects of Global Warming As a result of the numerous contributions of human actions to global warming, human beings must bear the brunt of their actions, which unless they accept to control, the wellbeing o future generations will be at stake. One evident effects of global warming is the rising level of the sea level, caused by the melting of the ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland. The effects of such increases are evident, as floods and massive storms have become one of the most prevalent calamities that face most societies year in, year out. In addition, there has been an increase in other deadly calamities, such as droughts and tropical diseases that are connected to global warming; hence, the need for individuals to cooperate and save the world. Further, as research studies show some species of birds such as the Adà ©lie penguins have drastically reduced in numbers, a case that is likely to become worse if people do not take responsibility for their actions, as most species of flora and fauna will find it very h ard to adapt to new ecosystems (Jones 1). Conclusion In conclusion, considering the deadly nature of the effects of global warming and because global warming is primarily a product of human activities, there is need for collective responsibility to save Mother Nature. Failure to do this can lead to numerous devastating calamities that will greatly jeopardize the wellbeing of both present and future generations. Works Cited Essick, Peter. Causes of global warming. National Geographic society. 2011. Web. Markham, Derek. Global warming effects and causes. Planet Save. June 7.2009. Web.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Global Warming: Causes and Effects specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Jones, Jeremy. What are the effects of global warming on earth? 2010. Web. This essay on Global Warming: Causes and Effects was written and submitted by user Livia K. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Comparison Research Paper Example

Comparison Research Paper Example Research Paper on Comparison between the Greek and the American Cultures: Culture is a broad yet very important aspect of the society and without it no community or group can claim to have any form of identity. Culture can be viewed from a variety of angles each interrelated to the other. It mainly comprises the aspects of religion, business and economic activities, duty towards others, food, dress code, language, music and dance, etiquette, entertainment, and family values among others. These aspects collectively define a group. The speech aims at providing a clear description of some aspects of the Greek culture and providing vivid comparison between the Greek and the American culture (Adams and Strother-Adams 23). Elements which are used to achieve his include the aspects of weddings, clothing and gift giving. Weddings Greek weddings basically commenced when darkness struck. Chariot being the main form of transport carried the bride who at the time stood on the chariot. The girl would set on the journey from her family home to her future husband’s home wearing a veil. Behind the chariot would be the bride’s family who trekked and carried gifts to the groom’s home. Since it would be dark, the acquaintances of both the bride and the groom would provide lighting ahead of the chariots (Adams and Strother-Adams 18). Similarly, their friends would use torches to provide the light. Since they believed darkness encouraged evil spirits, the friend while leading the way played some music in a bid to scare the supposed spirits. During the actual ceremony, a fruit, more so an apple would be provided to the bride to symbolize the aspect of provision on the part of the husband. This would indicate the husband’s responsibility and ability to provide for the wife’s basic needs from the wedding day onwards. The new couple would be offered wedding gifts which would range from jewelry, furniture and perfumes among other needs. The courtyard close to the grooms’ home served to provide the reception where the guest and family members would share and enjoy the celebratory meal Weddings and marriage in the United States are conducted in line with various marriage laws within America. Each state has its own set of guidelines regarding marriage and wedding although most of these guidelines are widespread throughout the United States. Weddings are not at all compulsory in America as people are able to stay together even without formalizing a marriage and thus domestic partnerships and civil marriages are common. Most marriages in America are conducted the western style and are officiated by pastors and priests depending on the denomination of the partners. Weddings involving the whites are the most common function either performed within a church or outdoors. Secular weddings are also common in America and are mainly presided over by an official from the municipal council, a judge or a justice. America is a permissive society and with their advocacy for human rights, the constitution permits same sex marriages (Curry and Sibylla 45). The society has thus witnessed quite a number of gay and lesbian weddings in the United States. A characteristic wedding in America involves the groom and the bride making vows as guided by the priest or the pastor in a church. The bride is usually escorted by the father or close family members to the groom who waits for her at the altar. The Christian wedding however isn’t the only religions kind of wedding witnessed in America. The continent comprises a number of religions, each conducting their weddings as per their religious cultures. These religious groups include the Jews, Muslims and Buddhists. Most weddings are attended by large groups and family members save for some occasions where high profile members, owing to the need of private, make the event a private one. In such a case the guests would normally be close family members and friends. Despite these ceremonies, a considerable number of American weddings end in divorce with close to 90% of the cases ending up in court. Clothing The Greeks follow a dress code that is quite simple and depending on the weather conditions, the inhabitants dress in wool or linen. Wool is worn during the winter season and linen in summer. Anciently, most Greek families sew their own clothes at home as purchasing garments was quite costly (Curry and Sibylla 56). The wealthy however, managed to afford the readymade clothes from the markets. The readymade clothes were made by professional seamstresses and were therefore very classy. The female members of the families were responsible for making garment for the rest of the family. This included the slaves, the daughters and their mothers. Garments would be decorated depending on the state or city that a family resided. Because of the adoration that the Greek treated their towns with, they made decorations that represented them. Jewelry among the Greek are important asset and so they frequently bought them to adorn themselves. It is however the rich that mostly owned jewels as they could manage the costly price that the peddlers provided in exchange for the ornaments. They also made their own perfumes which contained boiled extracts from flowers and herbs. When travelling, the Greek mostly wore hats famously known as the ‘petasos’. Hairbrushes were used by both genders and women maintained long and braided hairs. The American attire basically follows the western culture and comprises a variety of garments. Both men and women put on pants, and shirts and sometimes blazers. Women put on dresses and skirts too. Dressing is mainly done according to the occasion or the environment. In offices people mainly dress official for instance in suits. Swim suits and beach wear are worn during holidays and specifically in the beaches while casual clothes are used at home where no special condition applies. Gift Giving Gift giving among Americans is generally conducted during special occasions. During wedding, birthdays and anniversaries, people present gifts mostly to those celebrating the occasion. Gifts are also exchanged during special occasions like Christmas and Easter. Not much attention is given to the aspects of giving gifts with the exception of Christmas period. Also, no special items are designated to be presented as gifts even though some items go well with specific occasions as compared to others. Special notes and cards are commonly used as gifts in America. People also tend to bring gifts to families whenever invited into a friend’s home. This is done as a gesture of politeness and mostly seen when people are invited for dinner by friends or acquaintances. Opening a gift immediately it is given is normal as no specific ritual govern the way it should be done (Adams and Strother-Adams 34). Cultures from different societies around the world are in some special way very unique. Despite the use of same elements in describing culture, each and every society has its own way of handling the common elements. This discussion is true to this fact as it has provided details on how the various elements of culture are viewed differently in Greece and in America. The Greek, like Americans also share gifts mostly among family members and friend. Occasions which call for gift giving includes, Christmas and name days. Name days are considered of more significance than birthdays considering the saints after which the children are named after. Only few individuals therefore celebrate their birthdays. It is required that gifts sent during these occasions be affordable. This is because people exchange gives and buying an expensive gift for someone would put much pressure on him to reciprocate with an equally expensive one. This in most cases causes inconveniences. Like the Americans, they are required to come along with some gifts whenever invited to dinner by an acquaintance. Flowers are most commonly used and are sometimes sent ahead of the occasion. In addition, gifts are enclosed in special wrappings and are mainly opened on reception.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Economics of Modern Capitalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Economics of Modern Capitalism - Essay Example Malthus made two propositions in his argument about population. Firstly, that population escalates in a geometrical type of ratio and secondly, that subsistence rises in an arithmetical type of ratio. These two Malthus’ propositions form the popular population principle which, as he argues is part of the causes of lack of progress by mankind to the achievement of happiness. This so called cause is coherently related to the human nature where there is a continual trend of the entire animated life to rise in populations beyond what is there to nourish them. The necessary as well as natural impacts arising from such tendency are misery and other related vices that has had philanthropists trying in vain to rectify. The principle of population applied by Malthus to bring forth his argument is all based upon natural law where animated life increases far much higher than the available means for the subsistence of their life. This natural law of growth in population is usually put in check by another as Malthus continued to argue, which is the necessity law that restrains the growth inside particular boundaries and at the same time keeping it as low as the available subsistence means. In the case of humans, this natural law of necessity acts by the dictated way of numerous checks that can be ranked under two major categories. These major categories are with the inclusion of; (i) preventive kind of checks that put an impediment upon fertility and (ii) the positive types of checks that raise mortality or the death probability. The final outcome is the misery and poverty situations witnessed among the poor of every country as well as the futile attempts by the well-to-do to rescue them. Marx, and Engel alike, on the other hand came up with a counter argument in reaction to Malthus’ theory of population. They did their analysis under two levels to make their argument clear. The first level is their view that Malthus’ theory is too general principally i n that it is just another of the way bourgeois economists make more reified the relationships observed in a typical society. In the theory of Malthus, reify bears the meaning of changing concrete historical relations in a society as well as processes into eternal laws of nature. The process of reification mentioned with regards to social relationships, are characterised in the intellectual production nature under the capitalist conditions of production and the process of human reflections of the social life forms in tandem with the scientific analysis of the same social life forms. The second level is the more precise level of the Marx’s reaction to Malthus’ population principle. This level is about the principle of â€Å"the reserve army of labour† which is also referred to as the relative surplus population. He expounds on his point as he continues to make an analysis of the capital accumulation general law. Marx says that the expansion and accumulation of cap ital comprises of the capitalism’s driving force and this becomes a possibility only in scenarios where capitalists are able to operate at a gain. Gains arise in the appropriation of the surplus value that is produced by the power of labour he purchases. Accumulation arises at the point where capitalists change a part of their surplus value capital. This serves capitalists by allowing them some space to realise expansion and to apportion the extra surplus value and